Legalisation of Cannabis in Germany: A Radical Change in European Policy

The legalisation of cannabis in Germany

The legalisation of cannabis in Germany :

The decision marks a significant shift in cannabis policy in Europe, placing the country among the most progressive on the continent when it comes to regulating the substance. From April 1, German citizens will be able to legally purchase cannabis and grow it for personal use, under legislation recently passed after extensive discussions in the German parliament. The measure, widely supported by the government of Chancellor Olaf Scholz of the SPD, was approved by a clear majority, despite heated debate and various criticisms.

This reform allows the purchase of up to 25 grams of cannabis per day through non-profit associations, while authorising the cultivation of three plants for personal consumption. However, restrictions remain for minors, with a total ban for under-18s. The initiative by Germany is following in the footsteps of Malta and Luxembourg, which have also legalised the recreational use of cannabis in recent years.
Discussions surrounding the legislation have revealed divergences within the government coalition, between support from the Greens and the FDP and hesitation within the SPD. Criticism is not just political; it also comes from the medical and judicial sectors, reflecting concerns about the impact of legalising cannabis.
Public opinion in Germany is divided, with a slight leaning towards legalisation according to opinion polls. Nevertheless, the main aim of this reform is to control the black market and reduce the crime associated with cannabisalthough this approach is contested by the opposition and various social players.
The regulations are strict, particularly as regards prohibited consumption areas close to young people and educational establishments. athletes. From July, cultivation and distribution will be regulated by 'cannabis clubs', limiting sales to controlled quantities per member per month, with specific rules for young adults.
These clubs will also play a role in the distribution of growing materials, limiting the number of seeds and cuttings available to each member. This structure is designed to control access to cannabis and ensure that home growing remains within legal limits.
To mitigate the risks, an awareness-raising campaign on the dangers of over-consumption of cannabis, particularly among young people, will be launched by the Ministry of Health. Finally, pilot projects for the sale of cannabis in specialist shops could be launched, providing a framework for assessing the effectiveness and impact of these new laws.
This development in Germany is part of a wider trend in Europe where the purchase of legal, strong cannabis is gaining ground, reflecting a change in the perception and regulation of cannabis across the continent.

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